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Kraków itself gained the status of a free city and remained so until after the Polish uprising of 1846, when it became an Austrian territory.The Jewish population of Galicia stood out in its traditional character, which made it a comfortable base for the absorption of the Hasidic movement, on the one hand, and the development of the , on the other.The edict also obligated them to perform military service, but allowed them to serve in transport units where they could observe their religion.

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It abolished many residential restrictions and permitted Jews to purchase property and to engage in crafts and industry, in particular encouraging them to work in agriculture.

Since Joseph wanted to transform Jews into productive citizens according to contemporary conceptions, he placed restrictions on leasing inns in villages and living in rural areas other than for the purpose of performing agricultural work.

Heading the directorate was Rabbi Aryeh Leib Bernstein of Brody, who was named the crown land rabbi (Landesrabiner) of Galicia.

This leadership was, to some extent, a continuation of Jewish autonomy dating from the Polish period, enabling Maria Theresa to ignore the new population that had been added to her empire except for tax purposes.

The largest Jewish community in 1880 was that of Lemberg, numbering 31,000 (31% of the entire city).

In 1910, the number of Jews in Lemberg had grown to 57,000 (now only 21% of the entire population).During the second half of the nineteenth century, Jews of Galicia were noteworthy for their political participation in affairs of the state and for establishing modern institutions and societies that gave appropriate expression to this activism.In 1772, when Galicia was annexed to the Habsburg Empire, there were between 150,000 and 200,000 Jews living there (5–6.5% of the total population). In 1900, Galician Jews numbered 811,000 (11.1%) and in 1910 about 872,000 (10.9%).In 1880, Jews made up 75 percent of the residents of 8 cities, among them Brody and Borislav (Borisław), and between 50 and 75 percent of 55 cities, including Rzeszów, Drogobych (Drohobycz), Tarnopol, Buchach (Buczacz), Stanislau (Stanisławów; now Ivano-Frankivs’k), and Kolomea (Kołomyja; Ukr., Kolomyia).In another 68 cities, Jews represented between 25 and 50 percent of the total population.Mapat erets Galitsi‘en u-Bukovina’ (Map of Galicia and Bucovina). (Image courtesy of the Jewish Museum, Vienna)s, 141 religious communities (the number at the time the edict was promulgated) were established.

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